Mycoplasma Pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is in form a bacteria. This is regarded as the primary cause of the Mycoplasma pneumonia. This is one disease that has the characteristics of a painful onset. Given below is a detailed and general description of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

The aforementioned bacterium was isolated for the first time in the year 1898 .In the year 1938, a famous medical exponent by the name of Reimann described the first cases of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in humans. The observations he made included marks on the constitutional symptom and others.

In 1943 another medical exponent by the name of Peterson discovered the unusual symptoms of this diesease. He also discovered high titers of cold agglutinins in the patients. Interestingly, this illness was discovered by sheer accident. Next year in 1944 another medical-science exponent, Eaton was lauded for having discovered an agent that was later renamed Eaton’s agent. This was known as the primary reason behind causing pneumonia. Formerly it was wrongly conceived to be a virus, Eaton’s agent was revealed as Mycoplasma in the year 1961.

The aforementioned microscopic organism scientifically unlike a bacterium is devoid of a wall in its cell and at the same time unlike viruses doesn’t need a cell as its host in order to replicate. The patient suffers from a long cough due to its invasion. This organism is capable of amazingly gliding and at the same time is equipped with many filamentous ends that allow it to perfectly burrow between cilia just within the epithelium of the respiratory gland. This action of the parasite causes immense disruption of the epithelial respiratory cells. The organism has the dual properties. The first feature is that the organism shows a selective likeness for the human respiratory cells. Secondly hydrogen peroxide can be produced the organism. This hydrogen peroxide is the perfect reason for most of the cell disruption in the human respiratory tract. This is also deemed responsible for damaging the membranes of the erythrocyte. Pathogenicity of this bacterium has been firmly associated with the creation of several inflammatory mediators including cytokines.

This is now a recognized bacterium and is regarded to be of the most general cause of pneumonia acquired from communities. This illness occurs in patients who are not above 40. The highest rate of the affected in this category is the people falling in the age range of being 5- to 20-years. The bacterium causes illness in both the lower as well as upper respiratory glands irrespective of any age groups. This bacterium is more active in moderate climates and during the summertime might cause up to a total of 50% of all pneumonia related sickness. Several Epidemics caused by the mycoplasmal pneumonia usually occur between 4-8 years in the broad population. This sickness is more common within the closed population like in military as well as populations in the prisons.

The Mycoplasma pneumoniae is regarded as a common factor causing pneumonia but it is a relief to know that only a less percentage of the entire infected lot actually falls sick to pneumonia.

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